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IMF   |  
Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of this century. Mitigation requires a large-scale transition to a low-carbon economy. This paper provides an overview of the rapidly growing literature on the role of macroeconomic and financial policy tools in enabling this transition. The literature provides a menu of policy tools for mitigation. A key conclusion is that fiscal tools are first in line and central, but can and may need to be complemented by financial and monetary policy instruments.

Category:  Climate-Informed Fiscal Planning

IMF   |  
Fiscal Policies for Paris Climate Strategies - From Principle to Practice

Fiscal Policies for Paris Climate Strategies - From Principle to Practice provides country-level guidance on the role, and design of, fiscal policies for implementing climate mitigation strategies that countries have submitted for the 2015 Paris Agreement and for addressing vulnerabilities in disaster-prone countries. On the mitigation side, the paper presents a spreadsheet tool for judging the likely impact on emissions, fiscal revenues, local air pollution mortality, and economic welfare impacts of a range of instruments including comprehensive carbo

Category:  Promote Carbon Pricing Measures, Climate-Informed Fiscal Planning, Share Experiences and Expertise

IMF   |  
Iran: The Chronicles of the Subsidy Reform.

On December 18, 2010, Iran increased domestic energy and agricultural prices by up to 20 times, making it the first major oil-exporting country to reduce substantially implicit energy subsidies. This paper reviews the economic and technical issues involved in the planning and early implementation of the reform, including the transfers to households and the public relations campaign that were critical to the success of the reform.

Category:  Promote Carbon Pricing Measures, Climate-Informed Fiscal Planning